- lacking a true course toward a goal
- not resulting directly from a single action or cause
- involving intermediate or intervening parts or pathways. e.g. stimulation of one eye elicits narrowing of the pupil of the other eye by an indirect reaction
+ "...the secret to achieving a robust, adaptive, flexible, and evolving design."
+ out of control
+ the fear of architects, and the ineffective postulations between their design and proposed outcome.
- maximizing the effectiveness of a community's land use and infrastructure
- focus on cities and urban areas, their geography, economies, politics, social characteristics, as well as the effects on, and caused by, the built environment
+ "...find ways to approximate these ecological forces and structures, aspects of wild nature, to invent artificial means of creating living artificial environments."
+ a person in attempt to simulate evolutionary processes through artificial means in the urban context.
reading: "WILDNESS (Prolegomena to a New Urbanism)"